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What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics - The rule of Universe

What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as “being”, “knowing”, “identity”, “time”, and “space”. It attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., The existence, objects’ properties, Time and Space, Cause and Effect, and all possibilities.

The basic nature of the body, mind and emotions is related to how we perceive the physical world. This can now be measured and observed using instruments and technology that could not be imagined in Aristotle’s time or any of the other big names (Confucius, Mencius, Kant) in philosophy.

Modern days Quantum mechanics and quantum physics have added new dimensions to what we now call metaphysical science, providing us with tested and proven models that demonstrate how our physical world is not really physical.

Neuroscience and consciousness studies have shown how the world we experience as physical is created by our thought and feeling in the mind. Worldwide endeavors such as The Intention Experiment and The Global Coherence Initiative are demonstrating the impact of human thought and emotion upon our planet and each other.

Chinese Metaphysics

Chinese metaphysics is a constituent part of Taoism, a philosophy based on Qi, the energy – the principle of the Yin & Yang balance and the theory of 5 elements. Therefore, the ancient Chinese sciences like Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading, Qi Gong, Tai Chi, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as well as I Ching divination all represent parts of the very same knowledge.

For thousands of years the Chinese have been observing nature, researching how it affects the man and his life. The Chinese understand that our destiny consists of the following 3 parts, The Heaven, The Earth and The Human. (天, 地, 人)

  1. Heaven Luck (天) is what the universe gives us at the time of our birth. It is the inscription of our life path, our potentials as well as our life lessons and destiny.
  2. Earth Luck (地) is represented by our surrounding environment, the energy that is generated by the landscape of the Earth.
  3. Human Luck (人) is the vital energy, the life force within every human being.

A human being can affect his or her own vital energy by self-cultivation, healthy lifestyle, positive thinking, meditation and rising of own awareness. Feng Shui (风水) knowledge and the understanding of nature’s energy can influence the Earth Fortune. The only Luck that cannot be affected by human is Heaven Fortune, representing a third of our destiny.

The ancient Chinese astrologers developed the knowledge of I Ching that can be applied as a tool to foresee the events in one’s life, identify the repetitive causes, determine and locate favorable periods for action and also discover and unveil one’s talents and potential.

Chinese Astrology is NOT about fortune telling, it is counseling aiming to lead us to a better understanding of (one’s) life, life situations and life lessons.

Indian Metaphysics

Sāṃkhya

Sāṃkhya is an ancient system of Indian philosophy based on a dualism involving the ultimate principles of consciousness and matter. Its method was most influential on the development of Early Buddhism.

The Sāmkhya is an enumerationist philosophy whose epistemology accepts three of six pramanas (proofs) as the only reliable means of gaining knowledge. These include pratyakṣa (perception), anumāṇa (inference) and śabda (āptavacana, word/testimony of reliable sources).

Samkhya is known for its theory of guṇas (qualities, innate tendencies). Guṇa, it states, are of three types:

  1. Sattva being good, compassionate, illuminating, positive, and constructive.
  2. Rajas is one of activity, chaotic, passion, impulsive, potentially good or bad.
  3. Tamas being the quality of darkness, ignorance, destructive, lethargic, negative.

Everything, all life forms and human beings, have these three guṇas, but in different proportions. The interplay of these guṇas defines the character of someone or something, of nature and determines the progress of life.

The Samkhya theory of guṇas was widely discussed, developed and refined by various schools of Indian philosophies, including Buddhism.

Vedānta

Realization of the nature of Self-identity is the principal object of the Vedanta system of Indian metaphysics. In the Upanishads, self-consciousness is not the first-person indexical self-awareness or the self-awareness which is self-reference without identification, and also not the self-consciousness which as a kind of desire is satisfied by another self-consciousness. It is Self-realisation; the realisation of the Self consisting of consciousness that leads all else.

Part of this article is extracted from Wikipedia.

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